Leather Manual

What Is Bi-Cast Leather?

Bi-Cast Leather

All You Need To Know – What is Bi-cast Leather?

Bi-cast leather is synthetic leather that combines a split leather layer with a polyurethane coating. This unique manufacturing process gives bi-cast leather its distinct characteristics and appearance. To create bi-cast leather, a layer of split leather obtained from the lower layers of a hide is coated with polyurethane resin. This resin forms a protective layer on the surface of the leather. The polyurethane coating also gives bi-cast leather a consistent texture and appearance. Bi-cast leather is unlike microfiber and protein leather. It is a synthetic material that resembles cowhide leather

One of the notable features of bi-cast leather is its affordability. Bi-cast leather is generally less expensive than genuine leather. Additionally, bi-cast leather is available in various colors and finishes. It’s important to note that bi-cast leather does have its limitations. While it may imitate the look and feel of genuine leather, it lacks natural grain patterns. It is also less breathable than natural leather, which can lead to discomfort in specific applications.

In the following sections of this article, we will delve deeper into the advantages and disadvantages of bi-cast leather. By the end, you’ll have a comprehensive understanding of what is of bi-cast leather. You can make informed decisions when considering it for your next buy or project. So after discussing What Is Bi-Cast Leather? Let’s look at its composition.

How is Bi-cast Leather Made?

The production process combines minimal genuine leather with a polyurethane coating. Let’s delve into the details of its composition. To begin, the top grain of the hide is removed, leaving behind a thin and fragile layer of leather. The thickness of this layer depends on the desired end product. This thin layer is further split until only a delicate sheet of leather remains. This remaining layer needs to have genuine leather strength and visual appeal.

To address these shortcomings, the next step involves applying a polyurethane (PU) coating onto the thin layer of leather. The polyurethane is embossed onto the surface. It provides the necessary strength, durability, and a consistent appearance to the leather. The embossing process helps achieve a uniform texture and grain pattern, mimicking the look of genuine leather. The same manufacturing process is used for faux leather as well. In the case of faux leather, no genuine leather is used. Instead, a polyurethane base is utilized, making it a synthetic leather material. This process allows faux leather to imitate the appearance of genuine leather.

In short, bi-cast leather combines a thin layer of genuine leather with a polyurethane coating. Polyurethane provides leather with strength, durability, and visual characteristics. This manufacturing technique is also employed for faux leather.

Quality Of Bi-cast Leather

Bi-cast leather, a combination of genuine and synthetic polyurethane layers, possesses specific qualities. It cannot age and develop a patina over time, a distinctive feature of genuine leather. Additionally, bi-cast leather is less durable and breathable than natural leather. It is important to note that bi-cast leather used in furniture tends to deteriorate.

What is its Appearance?

One of the notable qualities of bi-cast leather is its ability to resemble natural leather. The split-layer vinyl liner used in bi-cast leather can be textured to replicate the grain pattern through embossing. Furthermore, bi-cast leather often exhibits superior stability and shine. Bi-cast leather’s appearance diminishes over time and with use. It is prone to developing cracks, rough spots, and tears that cannot be remedied without replacing the entire cover. While laminated leather showcases a smooth and shiny surface, it shows signs of wear and loses its original luster.

How do you know if it’s not genuine leather?

Differentiating bi-cast leather from genuine leather can be done through careful observation. To determine if it’s not real leather, look for clues such as the absence of natural grain patterns in exotic or lambskin leather. Additionally, bonded leather, bi-cast leather, and pigmented leather often lack a distinct smell. Here are some key indicators:

  • Flexibility: Genuine leather is flexible and resilient. It will return to its original shape when you squeeze or tighten it by hand. It also develops a softness and patina with repeated use. In contrast, bi-cast leather lacks the same level of softness and does not get a natural patina over time.
  • Chemical smell: Bicast leather upholstery may have a distinct chemical smell, which tends to fade. But, in some cases, the smell may linger for up to a week after exposure to air.
  • Grain pattern: Genuine leather exhibits natural variations in its grain pattern. While bicast leather may offer various color options and appear like genuine leather.

By paying attention to these distinguishing factors, you can identify whether the material is genuine or bi-cast.

How Does Bi-cast Leather Look?

Bicast leather is renowned for its ability to mimic natural leather’s appearance. Let’s explore how bi-cast leather looks and what distinguishes it from genuine leather. One of the significant advantages of bi-cast leather is its ability to emboss with a consistent grain pattern. The split-layer vinyl liner in bi-cast leather allows for precise and uniform embossing. This embossed texture gives bi-cast leather an appealing visual appeal.

Moreover, bi-cast leather often exhibits a smooth and glossy surface when new. This initial shine can give the impression of high-quality leather. Additionally, bi-cast leather comes in a wide range of color options. It allows for versatility in design and matching various aesthetic preferences.

Note that the appearance of bi-cast leather may change over time and with use. Unlike genuine leather, which develops a natural patina and gains richness with age, bi-cast leather cannot age. With regular wear and tear, bi-cast leather may show signs of wear, such as cracks, rough spots, and tears. Unfortunately, these imperfections cannot be repaired, and replacing the cover might be necessary.

Regular maintenance and care can preserve its appearance for a more extended period.

Advantages of Bi-cast Leather:

  • Affordability: One of the primary advantages of bi-cast leather is its lower cost than genuine leather. Bicast leather provides a leather-like appearance at less price, making it accessible to a broader range of consumers.
  • Versatility in Design: Bicast leather is available in various colors, finishes, and textures. It can be embossed with patterns to resemble genuine leather or achieve a specific aesthetic.
  • Durability and Resistance: Bicast leather is known for its durability and resistance to stains and fading. The polyurethane coating provides a protective layer that enhances the material’s ability.
  • Ease of Maintenance: Bicast leather is easy to clean and maintain. It can be wiped down with a damp cloth or mild soap to remove dirt or spills. The protective coating helps repel liquid and prevent deep penetration of stains.

Disadvantages of Bi-cast Leather:

  • Durability and Longevity: While bi-cast leather is durable, it is not as long-lasting as genuine leather. The polyurethane coating can degrade with prolonged use. This limits the lifespan of bi-cast leather products compared to those made from genuine leather.
  • Lack of Breathability: Bicast leather is less breathable compared to genuine leather. This can lead to discomfort when used in footwear or products that come in direct contact with the skin for extended periods. The reduced breathability may result in sweat and less comfort.
  • Appearance and Aging: Bicast leather, over time, may not develop the same natural patina and aging characteristics. It lacks unique grain patterns and color changes with authentic leather. As bicast leather ages, it may show signs of wear, such as cracks, rough spots, and tears.
  • Environmental Impact: Bicast leather is a synthetic material that uses petroleum-based polyurethane. The production and disposal of bi-cast leather can have a negative environmental impact. It’s essential to consider bi-cast leather’s advantages and disadvantages when purchasing.

How to Clean Bicast Leather?

As we now know what is bia-cast leather and its composition, let’s examine how to clean it. Following proper care and maintenance techniques is essential to clean bi-cast leather and keep it looking its best. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to clean bicast leather.

  • Use a soft-bristle brush or a clean, dry cloth to remove any loose dirt or debris from the surface of the bi-cast leather. This helps prevent scratching during the cleaning process.
  • Mix a small amount of mild soap with warm water, such as a gentle liquid or a mild detergent. Avoid harsh chemicals, bleach, or abrasive cleaners, as they can damage the bi-cast leather.
  • The cleaning solution should be tested in a small, inconspicuous area before applying the cleaning solution. This ensures that the cleaning solution does not cause discoloration or adverse effects on the material.
  • Dip a clean, soft cloth or sponge into the cleaning solution, wring out any excess moisture, and wipe the bi-cast leather in a circular motion. Focus on areas with stains, spills, or dirt buildup. Avoid excessive water, which can saturate the material and damage it.
  • After cleaning the bi-cast leather, dampen another clean cloth with plain water and wipe down the surface to remove any soap residue. Ensure to wring out the cloth well to prevent excessive moisture from soaking into the material.
  • Allow the bi-cast leather to air dry in a well-ventilated area, away from direct heat sources or sunlight. Avoid using hairdryers or placing the leather near heaters, as excessive heat can cause the material to crack or warp.
  • Once the bicast leather is dehydrated, apply a leather conditioner. Follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer to nourish and restore moisture to the material.

Following these cleaning steps, every few months or as needed will help keep your bicast leather products clean.

Bonded Leather Vs. Bi-cast Leather

When comparing bonded leather and bi-cast leather, one must understand their composition. Bonded leather is made by blending shredded leather scraps with polyurethane or latex binders. The mixture is then bonded onto a fabric backing, creating a leather-like surface. But bi-cast leather consists of a thin layer of genuine leather with a polyurethane coating applied on top. Bonded and bi-cast leather can mimic genuine leather’s look. But, bi-cast leather tends to have a more consistent grain pattern due to the embossing process. While bonded leather may show some variations in texture and grain.

When it comes to durability, bi-cast leather generally outperforms bonded leather. Bicast leather, with its polyurethane coating, offers better resistance to wear, stains, and fading. In contrast, bonded leather may be more susceptible to peeling, cracking, and deterioration. Another significant difference lies in their pricing. Bicast leather is more expensive than bonded leather. Bonded leather is often marketed as a more affordable alternative to real leather. While bonded and bi-cast provides a leather-like appearance, bi-cast leather offers better durability.

Bi-cast Conclusion

In conclusion, by knowing what bi-cast leather is, you must understand it better. Let’s look at a summary of What Is Bi-Cast Leather? One of the significant issues with bi-cast leather is its susceptibility to cracking when exposed to regular wear and tear. This is due to its front end, which comprises polyurethane. Unlike genuine leather, bi-cast lacks the natural resilience and ability to withstand damage. Manufacturers often opt for casting as a cost-effective alternative. Consumers need to know the trade-offs associated with bi-cast leather.


Q: What is bi-cast leather?

A: Bi-cast leather is a synthetic leather material made from split leather. It is also known as PU leather or split leather.

Q: How is bi-cast leather different from genuine leather?

A: Bi-cast leather is not considered genuine because it is made from a split leather backing combined with a synthetic coating.

Q: Is bi-cast leather durable?

A: Bi-cast leather is generally less durable than genuine leather. It is prone to cracking, peeling, and deterioration over time, especially with heavy use.

Q: How should I care for bi-cast leather?

A: To care for bi-cast leather, avoid exposure to direct sunlight or extreme heat, which can cause the material to crack. Dusting and cleaning with a damp cloth can help maintain its appearance.

Q: Can we repair the bicast leather?

A: Bi-cast leather can be difficult to repair since it is less durable than genuine leather.

Q: Is bi-cast leather more affordable than genuine leather?

A: Yes, bi-cast leather is generally less expensive than genuine leather. Its synthetic nature makes it a more affordable alternative for those seeking a leather-like appearance on a budget.

Q: Does bi-cast leather have a natural leather scent?

A: Bi-cast leather lacks the natural scent of genuine leather. It often has a distinct chemical odor.

Q: What are the common uses of bi-cast leather?

A: Bi-cast leather is more used for furniture upholstery, shoes, handbags, and jackets. It is often found in lower-priced consumer goods that imitate the appearance of genuine leather.

Q: Can bi-cast leather be mistaken for genuine leather?

A: Bi-cast leather can resemble genuine leather in appearance, but upon close inspection. The lack of natural grain patterns and a plastic-like sheen are indicators of bi-cast leather.

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